Patterns in Islamic art and architecture often take three different forms. Arabesques, vegetal and curving vines, calligraphic verses, usually from the Quran, and geometric shapes. Instead of representing something specific, as a symbol would in Western art, patterns in Islamic architecture are meant to represent abstract concepts related to Islam and encourage viewers to think about the impermanence of the physical world and the unity and nature of God.
The language of Islamic design comes primarily from the abstract. Therefore, geometry in general and geometrical proportion in particular carry great importance in the design process of Islamic art, presented in its primary elements, geometry, biomorphic forms, and calligraphy, which are all based on and ruled by the underlying geometric proportions. In other words, geometry plays a central role in Islamic design.
The aim of ornamental pattern in Islamic art isn’t only to decorate, but to also transform. By covering buildings with patterns, you could almost insubstantial, destabilizing the physical lines and reality of the building into abstract shapes that endlessly repeat. Not only the pattern itself, but the scale of the pattern, highlight the impermanence of the physical world: large- and small-scale patterns are used interchangeably regardless of the size of the surface to which they’re being applied.
Try to further push the function and use of the pattern in islamic architecture thats give the space an unique expression, higher spatial experience and be able to transform physical elements and buildings into abstract shapes that endlessly repeats.
An example and reference project by HdM, where they have started with local pattern, graffiti, art and calligraphy to generate a new kind of facade/expression.
Ciudad del Flamenco
“The surfaces of the Ciudad del Flamenco consist of poured, perforated and artificially processed concrete; they follow the lines, shapes and patterns of Gypsy tradition and Arabic ornamentation. Both traditions are extremely contemporary; to be more precise, they are centuries-old and ceaselessly new source of inspiration for contemporary art and daily culture. We encounter them in punk and rock music, in tattoos, in symbols and emblems, in patterns and in many other places. This kind of ornamentation informs the concrete at the Ciudad del Flamenco.” Source HdM